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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(9): 2785-2792
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.709.345


Prevalence of Enteric Bacterial Pathogens among HIV Infected Versus Non-HIV Infected Patients with Diarrhoea in Northern India
Varun Goel1, Dinesh Kumar2* and P. Mathur2
1Department of Microbiology, Santosh Medical College & Hospital, Ghaziabad, India
2Clinical Microbiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Delhi, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Enteric microbial agents in HIV differ in several ways between developing and developed world, the awareness of which can often guide appropriate prevention and patient treatment when limitation of resources prevent laboratory diagnosis of exact etiological agent. The primary objective of this study was to define and compare enteric bacterial pathogens in HIV-1 infected with diarrheal symptoms and non-HIV infected controls with diarrheal symptoms at a tertiary care hospital in northern India. This prospective study was conducted between January 2014 and December 2015 of a tertiary care academic health organization of North India. Stool samples from 300 HIV seropositive cases with diarrhea (study group) and 600 HIV negative diarrhea cases (control group) were examined. Samples were inoculated onto standard culture media. All the isolates were tested for antimicrobial susceptibility. Out of 300 HIV seropositive cases with diarrhea, 114 (38%) were positive for bacterial pathogens whereas in 600 HIV seronegative with diarrhea controls 120 (20%) were positive for bacterial pathogens. 41 isolates of Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli, 24 Campylobacter jejuni, 10 Aeromonas hydrophilia, 16 Shigella spp., 9 Salmonella spp., and 14 Yersinia enterocolitica were recovered from the HIV infected cases. Most of the bacteria were resistant to nalidixic acid. There is underline need for epidemiological investigations to screen microbial etiological agents in HIV infected subjects with diarrhoea along with their antibiogram periodically for reduction of morbidity and mortality in these patients.


Keywords: Diarrhea, Human immunodeficiency virus, Intestinal infections, North-India, Opportunistic-enteropathogens
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How to cite this article:

Varun Goel, Dinesh Kumar and Mathur, P. 2018. Prevalence of Enteric Bacterial Pathogens among HIV Infected Versus Non-HIV Infected Patients with Diarrhoea in Northern India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(9): 2785-2792. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.709.345