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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(10): 527-532
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.510.058


Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites in HIV Seropositive Patients with and without Diarrhoea and its Correlation with CD4 Counts
S. Sreedevi1*, V. Aarthi2 and K. Saraswathi1
1Department of Microbiology, Santhiram Medical College, Nandyal, A.P, India
2Department of Microbiology, Kurnool Medical College, Kurnool, AP, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Intestinal parasites are the most common cause of diarrhoea in HIV patients. The line of treatment being different for diverse parasites necessitates a definitive diagnosis of etiological agents. Thus the study was undertaken to detect enteric parasites in HIV infected patient with and without diarrhoea that were at different levels of immunity. The present study was conducted in between January 2013 - June 2014, at the Department of Microbiology, Santhiram General Hospital, Nandyal. A total of 100 HIV seropositive patients attending the Integrated Counselling and Testing Centre (ICTC), Santhiram General Hospital, Nandyal, Kurnool Dist, A.P was included in the study. These comprised of 50 HIV patients who presented with diarrhoea (study group) and 50 HIV patients without diarrhoea (control group). For each patient, demographic data including structured questionnaire was filled in the proforma. The CD4 cell counts were estimated by using the FACS count system. Out of 100 HIV infected patients, intestinal parasites were detected in 29% patients. Among all, Cryptosporidium appears to have the high prevalence (26%) followed by Isospora (10%), Giardia (6%), Strongyloides and Entamoeba histolytica (4%) each and Cyclospora (2%). In HIV infected patients with CD4 count < 200cells/ml. Cryptosporidium was the most common observed pathogen (26%). The maximum parasite isolation was in the patients whose CD4 cell counts were below 200 cells/ml. Parasitic infections were detected in 29% of HIV seropositive patients and various enteric parasites detected include Cryptosporidium (15), Isospora (05), Giardia intestinalis (04), Entamoeba histolytic (02) Cyclospora (01), Strongyloides (02).Routine screening of all HIV infected patients with low CD4 count for parasitic infections by using simple stool microscopic technique can help in easy diagnosis of  approximate treatment and control of spread.


Keywords: Intestinal Parasites,HIV Seropositive Patients,Diarrhoea and its Correlation.
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How to cite this article:

Sreedevi, S., V. Aarthi and Saraswathi, K. 2016. Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites in HIV Seropositive Patients with and without Diarrhoea and its Correlation with CD4 Counts.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(10): 527-532. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.510.058