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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(10): 424-431
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.510.048


Characteristics of Blood Stream Isolates in Urosepsis from a Tertiary Care Hospital
Martha Rinnah Bijou, K. Sandhya Bhat* and Reba Kanungo
Department of Microbiology, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Urosepsis refers to clinically evident severe infection of the urinary tract along with features of bacteremia. Urosepsis in adults comprises approximately 25% of all sepsis cases with high mortality rate of 25- 60%. This study was conducted to determine the bacteriological profile and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of the organisms associated with urosepsis. A descriptive study was carried out after obtaining approval from Institute Ethics Committee. Demographic details, duration of hospital stay, underlying risk factors, bacteriological profile and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of the isolates, were recorded from 52 patients confirmed to have urosepsis. Statistical analysis was done by using IBM SPSS software. Overall incidence of urosepsis was 3.8% in patients admitted to the hospital during the study period. Type 2 diabetes mellitus was the major risk factor (71%), with underlying renal condition/s. Escherichia coli was the predominant isolate (75%). Organisms showed highest resistant against ampicillin (95.3%); least resistance was observed for imipenem (2.2%). This study highlighted the bacterial profile with their susceptibility pattern, thus paving a way for formulating antibiotic policy for empiric treatment of urosepsis. Documentation of associated risk factors would help in taking preventive measures to decrease morbidity and mortality.


Keywords: Blood stream infection, Urosepsis, Risk factors, Escherichia coli, Antibiogram.
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How to cite this article:

Martha Rinnah Bijou, K. Sandhya Bhat and Reba Kanungo. 2016. Characteristics of Blood Stream Isolates in Urosepsis from a Tertiary Care Hospital.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(10): 424-431. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.510.048