International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 5, Issue:10, October, 2016

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(10): 313-323

Incidence of VAP in Tertiary Care Hospital
Ranjeeta Kumari1, Prakash C. Choudhary2 and Bhanwar Lal Jat3*
1Department of Biotechnology, Mewar University, Gangrar, Chittorgarh, Rajasthan, India
2Department of Chemistry, Mewar University, Gangrar, Chittorgarh, Rajasthan, India
3Department of Agriculture Biotechnology, Bhagwant University Ajmer, Rajasthan, India
*Corresponding author

Pneumonia is the second most common nosocomial infection in the United States and is a leading cause of death due to hospital-acquired infections. Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a form of nosocomial pneumonia that occurs in patients receiving mechanical ventilation for longer than 48 hours. The incidence of VAP is 22.8% in patients receiving mechanical ventilation, and patients receiving ventilator support account for 86% of the cases of nosocomial pneumonia. Furthermore, the risk for pneumonia increases 3- to 10-fold in patients receiving mechanical ventilation. Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a major cause of hospital morbidity and mortality despite recent advances in diagnosis and accuracy of management. However, as taught in medical science, prevention is better than cure is probably more appropriate as concerned to VAP because of the fact that it is a well preventable disease and a proper approach decreases the hospital stay, cost, morbidity and mortality. The aim of the study is to critically review the incidence and outcome, identify various risk factors and conclude specific measures that should be undertaken to prevent VAP. We studied patients randomly, kept on ventilator support for more than 48 h.

Keywords: VAP, nosocomial pneumonia, Hospital-acquired pneumonia(HAP).

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How to cite this article:

Ranjeeta Kumari, Prakash C. Choudhary and Bhanwar Lal Jat. 2016. Incidence of VAP in Tertiary Care Hospital.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(10): 313-323. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.