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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(9): 414-419
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.709.051


Standardization of Temperature for Effective Germination of Tomato Seeds Using Drum Dryer
Perugu Balachandra Yadav1, Guda Prasanna2, Gadhe Shruthi3 and A. Srinivasa Rao4
1ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India
2College of Agricultural Engineering, Bapatla, India
3Institute of Agri Business Management, Rajasthan, India
4College of Agricultural Engineering, Madakasira, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The vegetable seeds were dried using the drum dryer to reduce the moisture to improve storage period as well as to maintain good germination. The seeds were treated with TSP (Tri sodium phosphate solution) and calcium hypo chloride solution to protect from seed borne or soil borne diseases. The seeds having both viral and bacterial diseases, then it is treated with the both TSP and calcium hypo chloride solutions. The different varieties of tomato seeds like Montage, Mighty, Naina and Aruna were taken and each sample were subjected to sanitation process before drying for conducting experiments. The standard RH of 25% was maintained inside the dryer. The experiments were conducted to study the nature of drying of different samples maintaining different temperatures such as 32°C, 34°C, 36°C and 38°C. The dried tomato seed samples were stored for 15 days and germination percentage of each samples were analysed. The higher germination percentage was observed around (86%, 90%, 97% and 93%) in all varieties dried at higher temperature of 38°C whereas lower germination percentage was around (74%, 85%, 86% and 84%) at low temperature of 32°C. The effective drying of tomato seeds using drum dryer was maintained at RH of 25% and temperature of 38°C in order to obtain better storage and good germination.


Keywords: Standardisation, Temperature, drying, Germination
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How to cite this article:

Perugu Balachandra Yadav, Guda Prasanna, Gadhe Shruthi and Srinivasa Rao, A. 2018. Standardization of Temperature for Effective Germination of Tomato Seeds Using Drum Dryer.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(9): 414-419. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.709.051