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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(8): 4458-4463
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.708.471


Seroincidence Studies on Enterovirus 71 (EV71) and Coxsackievirus A16 (CVA16) Infections in Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Clinics at Yusuf Dan Tsoho and Kawo General Hospitals in Kaduna, Kaduna State, Nigeria
A.A. Alhabib1*, A.O. Joseph1, D.B. Maikaje1 and D.N. Bukbuk2
1Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Kaduna State University, Kaduna, Nigeria
2Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, University of Maiduguri, Borno, Nigeria
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Enteroviruses infect people of all age groups, however, younger children are more affected and occasionally with permanent paralysis and neurological complications such as Brainstem Encephalitis (BE), Aseptic Meningitis (AM) and Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP). The viruses depend on the host’s physiological features, including age, sex, immune response and nutritional status. This study was carried out to know whether the healthy pregnant women silently shed Non-Polio Enteroviruses (NPEVs), because pregnant women are usually immunocompromised in nature. Therefore, rapid strip tests (cassettes) IgM antibody was used to screen human EV71 and CVA16 from serum samples. Out of sixty (60) blood samples collected from Kawo and Yusuf Dan Tsoho General Hospitals in Kaduna, Kaduna state, Nigeria, none of the samples was found positive for Enteroviruses (i.e. Enterovirus 71 (EV71) and Coxachie virus A16 (CVA16). These cassettes (tests) demonstrated sensitivity of 88.5% (23/26) and specificity of 95.2% (177/186). Therefore, standard hygienic practice is required to prevent unforeseen Enterovirus diseases in Kaduna State, Nigeria.


Keywords: Enterovirus, Coxsackievirus, Seroprevelance
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How to cite this article:

Alhabib, A.A., A.O. Joseph, D.B. Maikaje and Bukbuk, D.N. 2018. Seroincidence Studies on Enterovirus 71 (EV71) and Coxsackievirus A16 (CVA16) Infections in Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Clinics at Yusuf Dan Tsoho and Kawo General Hospitals in Kaduna, Kaduna State, Nigeria.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(8): 4458-4463. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.708.471