International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 5, Issue:10, October, 2016

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(10): 128-134

Prevalence and Antibiotic Susceptibility Pattern of Escherichia coli Positive Urinary Tract Infections in a Rural Tertiary Care Hospital in Rohtas, Bihar, India
Rana Pratap1*, Amit Kumar2 and Ahmad Nadeem Aslami3
1Department of Microbiology, NMCH, Sasaram, India
2Department of Pharmacology, NMCH, Sasaram, India
3Department of Community Medicine, NMCH, Sasaram, India
*Corresponding author

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common condition affecting all age groups. E.coli and several other uropathogens account for most UTIC cases. Although definitive diagnosis is based on culture reports, most of the UTI are treated empirically. Multidrug Resistance (MDR) cases of UTI is also on the rise. A cross sectional study was conducted to find out the prevalence of E.coli positive UTI cases and to know its susceptibility pattern against commonly used antibiotics. Urine samples were collected from patients attending OPD’s who were suspected to be having UTI. Identification of organism by urine culture and susceptibility pattern was based on standard conventional bacteriological techniques using Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion method. Clinical and Laboratory Standard Institute (CLSI) guidelines were followed. 64.57% isolates were positive for E.coli. There were 56.6% females and 43.4% males. 44.2% of patients with E.coli positive UTI were found within the age range of 20-39 years. E.coli exhibited highest resistance to Nalidixic acid. Amoxycillin, Cefixime, Cotrimoxazole, Ceftriaxone and Ofloxacin also showed high resistance. 87.6% E.coli were MDR cases which may be attributed to their prevailing usage and abuse in the area under study. Empirical treatment should be carefully selected based upon the sensitivity data of uropathogens of that particular area. Frequent monitoring of antimicrobial susceptibility for uropathogens in the community and hospital setting is recommended.

Keywords: Antibiotic Susceptibility Pattern,Escherichia coli Urinary Tract Infections.

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How to cite this article:

Rana Pratap, Amit Kumar and Ahmad Nadeem Aslami. 2016. Prevalence and Antibiotic Susceptibility Pattern of Escherichia coli Positive Urinary Tract Infections in a Rural Tertiary Care Hospital in Rohtas, Bihar, IndiaInt.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(10): 128-134. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.