International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 5, Issue:2, February, 2016

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(2): 110-115

Bacterial Diarrhea in Antananarivo: Place of Salmonella spp and
Shigella spp in Stool Culture
Andry Maharo Andrianarivelo1*, Lalaina Mamenosoa Rakotondraoelina1,
Arthur Bien Aimé Ratsimbazafy2, Tojoniaina Herinjaka Andriamandimbisoa1, Solofo Sarah Rafaramalala1, Christian Rafalimanana1 and Andry Rasamindrakotroka1
1Department of Biology, Faculty of Medicine Antananarivo, Madagascar
2Department mother and child, Faculty of Medicine Antananarivo, Madagascar
*Corresponding author

In 2008,diarrhea was the second main cause of consultation in health centers in Madagascar.We conducted a retrospective and descriptive study spanning 10 years(2005 to 2014) about stool culture in hospitalized patients or not, in the laboratory of Microbiology University Hospital Joseph Ravoahangy Andrianavalona (HU-JRA) Antananarivo Madagascar. The purpose of this work is to describe the epidemiology of salmonellosis and shigellosis found at the HU-JRA Antananarivo. The variables selected and used for the study were the patient age, the season, the macroscopic appearance of stools and stool culture results. During the 10 years, 576 stools specimens arrived in the laboratory. We found 34 cases of Salmonella spp (5.89%) and 7 cases of Shigella spp (1.21%). 26 cases of Salmonella spp were found to the summer season. The average age of infected patients was 18 years. In two thirds of cases, the stool was not slimy and not bloody to Salmonella spp. Shigella spp was seen especially in patients who have bloody or mucoid-bloody stools. Diarrheal diseases caused by Salmonella spp and Shigella spp touch especially children and young adults in Antananarivo. The appearance of slimy and/or bloody stools is not always in favor of a Salmonella spp or Shigella

Keywords: Stool culture, epidemiology, Salmonella spp, Shigella spp, Antananarivo

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How to cite this article:

Andry Maharo Andrianarivelo, Lalaina Mamenosoa Rakotondraoelina, Arthur Bien Aimé Ratsimbazafy, Tojoniaina Herinjaka Andriamandimbisoa, Solofo Sarah Rafaramalala, Christian Rafalimanana and Andry Rasamindrakotroka. 2016. Bacterial Diarrhea in Antananarivo: Place of Salmonella spp and Shigella spp in Stool Culture.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(2): 110-115. doi:
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