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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(10): 27-32
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.510.005


Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Understanding and Promoting Healthy Lifestyle among Gond Tribe in Madhya Pradesh, India
Surendra Kumar*, M. Muniyandi, Dinesh Kumar, Maya Pandey, Visheshwar Soan and S. Rajasubramaniam
National Institute for Research in Tribal Health (ICMR), Jabalpur, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is an increasing cause of chronic morbidity and mortality around the world. Prevalence of COPD among ethnic populations is not well documented. To study the prevalence of COPD among the marginalized Gond tribes of Kundam Block of Madhya Pradesh state in central India, cross sectional survey was conducted amongst the Gond tribes of Kundam Block, during the years 2007 to 2009. Screening was done by medical officer based on the clinical signs and symptoms such as cough with mucus, breathlessness or dyspnoea and exhaustion. Stethoscope was used to identify wheezing or other abnormal chest sounds. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect information on socio-demographic and smoking habits. Prevalence of COPD among tobacco users was calculated.  Of 2970 tobacco users screened, 23% were tobacco smokers, 72% were tobacco chewers and 5% used tobacco both for smoking and chewing. Prevalence of COPD was 9.4% among smokers, 0.6% among tobacco chewers and 6.5% among mixed users. The distribution of COPD cases was significantly more among smoking males, aged more than 45 years.   The findings of the present study showed a direct correlation with tobacco use and COPD. There is a need of effective campaign for reducing smoking and counseling to lower the incidence of COPD.


Keywords: Tobacco consumption, COPD, tribe, marginalized population,India.
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How to cite this article:

Surendra Kumar, M. Muniyandi, Dinesh Kumar, Maya Pandey,  Visheshwar Soan and S. Rajasubramaniam. 2016. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Understanding and Promoting Healthy Lifestyle among Gond Tribe in Madhya Pradesh.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(10): 27-32. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.510.005