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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(8): 1069-1075
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.708.121


Phytochemical Analysis of Eclipta prostrata L. (L.) Leaves
K. Priya1*, Preethy John1, P.T.A. Usha1, B.J. Kariyil1, R. Uma2 and M.S. Hogale1
1Department of Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology
2 Department of Veterinary Biochemistry, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Mannuthy, Thrissur, Kerala, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Eclipta prostrata (L.) belonging to Asteraceae plant family possesses antihepatotoxic, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anthelmintic, insecticidal, antihaemorrhagic, antihyperglycaemic, antimytotoxic, antioxidant and immunomodulatory properties. In the present study the phytochemical screening of Eclipta prostrata (L.) leaves through qualitative phytochemical test, Fourier- transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis and Gas chromatography- mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis was done. The methanolic extract of leaves of Eclipta prostrata (L.) was used for GC- MS analysis. The leaf powder prepared was used for qualitative phytochemical test and FTIR analysis. The qualitative phytochemical test revealed the presence of steroids, tannins, saponins, flavonoids, diterpenes and triterpenes. The FTIR analysis showed the presence of structurally similar compounds like L (-)-glyceraldehyde unnatural form, heptyl-beta-d-glucopyranoside, tomatine, b-cyclodextrin, chitin, octyl-beta-d-glucopyranoside, streptomycin sulphate, digitonin, pectin ex apples, a-cyclodextrin. The GC-MS analysis exposed the compounds Propanedinitrile dimethyl (0.59%), Pentadecane (2.09%), Heptadecane (9.84%), Neophytadiene (20.80%), 1, 3- Propanediol 2- hydroxymethyl (1.15%), Citronellyl butyrate (1.94%), Citronellyl propionate (5.12%), Heptadecanoic acid, methyl ester(2.31%), 1-Allyloxyl- octa- 2,7- diene (0.44%), 6(E), 9(Z), 13(E)- Pendectriene (1.59 %), Phytol (28.72 %), Pentanoic acid, 4- Methyl (0.07 %), Ethanamine, 2, 2’- Oxybsin [N, N- Dimethyl (1.85%), 2 Methoxysulpholane (1.82 %), Cyclopropane, Methoxymethylene(0.64%), Ethyl- 2- Oxo- 4- Methyl- 3- Pentenoate (0.68%), Squalene (19.18%), Butanoic acid, 4-(Ethoxyhydroxyphosphinyl) (0.35%) and dl- alpha- Tocopherol (1.03%).


Keywords: Asteraceae, Eclipta prostrata leaves, Qualitative analysis, FTIR, GC-MS
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How to cite this article:

Priya, K., Preethy John, P.T.A. Usha, B.J. Kariyil, R. Uma and Hogale, M.S. 2018. Phytochemical Analysis of Eclipta prostrata L. (L.) Leaves.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(8): 1069-1075. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.708.121