Follow
International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

Login as a Reviewer

Indexed in



National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

See Guidelines to Authors
Current Issues

Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(8): 894-903
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.708.102


Studies on the Association of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceri with Seeds of Chickpea
R.K. Gangwar1*, Deepak Jain2, T.P. Singh1 and S.S. Rathore1
1Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Chomu, Jaipur (Rajasthan)- 303 702, India
2Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Udaipur (Rajasthan)-313 011, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Chickpea wilt caused by F. oxysporum f. sp. ciceri is one of the most important seed and soil-borne disease in India. The study on association of the pathogen with chickpea seeds showed that the viable mycelium fragments, micro and macro-conidia of the pathogen were present on the seed surface of all susceptible and two resistant varieties/ germplasms in seed washing test. The pathogen was recovered from the untreated and sodium hypochlorite treated seeds of all susceptible varieties/ germplasms in the range of 10.67–18.67 and 5.33–11.33 per cent, respectively in standard blotter method and 8.67–17.00 and 5.00–10.67 per cent, respectively in agar plate method, whereas the seeds of resistant varieties RSG-895 and Phule G-5 also carried the pathogen in untreated and sodium hypochlorite treated seeds. The recovery of pathogen was ranged from 10.0–20.0 per cent from the seed coat, 2.0–8.0 per cent from cotyledons and 2.0–6.0 per cent from embryonal axis of the susceptible varieties/germplasms. Whereas resistant variety RSG-895 carried the pathogen to an extent of 4.0 per cent from seed coat only. The pre-emergence infection of the pathogen was recorded by 6.0–14.0 per cent in different susceptible varieties/ germplasms and 4.0 per cent in resistant varieties during seedling symptom test. The pathogen was survived for 10–15 months in susceptible and 3–5 months in resistant varieties/ germplasms seeds. The pre and post-emergence losses due to the pathogen were ranged from 7.0–12.0 per cent and 6.0–10.0 per cent, respectively in susceptible varieties/ germplasms under field conditions in poly bags. The typical wilt symptoms have developed after 18–22 days of sowing and the average seed infection and seed transmission ratio was 6.08:1 under field conditions in susceptible varieties/ germplasms.


Keywords: Chickpea wilt, Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceri, Seed borne, Seed transmission.
Download this article as Download

How to cite this article:

Gangwar, R.K., Deepak Jain, Singh, T.P. and Rathore, S.S. 2018. Studies on the Association of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceri with Seeds of Chickpea.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(8): 894-903. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.708.102