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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(7): 4259-4273
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.707.497


Comparative Studies on Fungal Biodiversity of agricultural field soil from Thiruvannamalai District, Tamil Nadu, India
P. Jayaraman1*, S. Shalini2, K. Saraswathi1, K. Vadamalai1 and R. Logambal1
1Research Department of Botany, Government Arts College for Men (Autonomous), Nandanam, Chennai 600 035, Tamil Nadu, India
2Research Department of Botany, Government Arts College, Thiruvannamalai 606 603, Tamil Nadu, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Soil microorganisms such as bacteria and fungi play an important role in soil fertility and promoting the plant growth. Sixty soil samples are collected of different agricultural crop fields such as groundnut field, sugarcane field, Plantain field, turmeric field, tapioca field and wasteland with Parthenium field in and around Thiruvannamalai, Tamil Nadu were investigated soil moisture content by oven drying method and diversity of fungi by using serial dilution plating method with standard Potato Dextrose Agar (PDA) for qualitative and quantitative pattern. The moisture content of different soil samples collected from the above fields were found from 11.0% to 26.3%. Among the soil samples, the groundnut and turmeric field show higher moisture as 26.0% and 26.3% and the lowest level was observed in sugarcane and tapioca soil with 11.0% and 17.0% respectively. For analysis of fungi, 22 species were enumerated from the above soil samples in which Aspergillus niger, A. flavus, A. terreus, A. fumigatus, Trichoderma spp., Cladosporium cladosporioides, Curvularia lunata, Gliocladium sp., Fusarium sp. and white non sporulating fungus were remarkably present. Regarding the distribution of occurrence, Plantain filed show highest as 28% followed by groundnut field with 23%, Sugarcane field 17%, Tapioca and waste land soil each with 14% and the turmeric field soil has the lowest occurrence as 4% of fungal population. It is concluded that from the present study as the turmeric field soil has an antimicrobial effect which shows very low population of fungi in their soil environment when compared with other soil samples.


Keywords: Soil fungi, Fungal biodiversity, Agricultural soil, Rhizosphere mycoflora, Antifungal effect
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How to cite this article:

Jayaraman P., S. Shalini, K. Saraswathi, K. Vadamalai and Logambal R. 2018. Comparative Studies on Fungal Biodiversity of agricultural field soil from Thiruvannamalai District, Tamil Nadu, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(7): 4259-4273. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.707.497