International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 7, Issue:7, July, 2018

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(7): 4180-4190

Comorbidities and Functional Impairment among People Living With HIV in Belém, Pará, Amazon Region of Brazil
Ana Helena de Oliveira Andrade1, 2, Sandra Souza Lima2, Andre Luis Ribeiro Ribeiro3, Sílvio Augusto Fernandes de Menezes4 and Luiz Fernando Almeida Machado1, 2*
1Biology of Infectious and Parasitic Agents Post-Graduate Program, Federal University of Pará, Belém, Pará, Brazil
2Virology Laboratory, Institute of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Pará, Belem, Pará, Brazil
3Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, University Centre of Para - CESUPA, Belem, Pará, Brazil
4Department of Periodontology, School of Dentistry, University Centre of Para - CESUPA, Belem, Pará Brazil
*Corresponding author

This study has investigated the relationship between clinical parameters and functional status for activities of daily living (ADL) in 364 people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in Belém, northern Brazil. In total, 238 men (65.4%) and 126 women (34.6%) were enrolled in this survey. Most participants (87.4%) were considered with functional independence, 11.8% were semi-dependent and 0.8% were fully dependent. Tuberculosis, neurotoxoplasmosis and syphilis were the most common HIV-associated comorbidities and cumulative comorbidities were linked to lower independence. Low CD4+ count and long duration of HIV infection were both related to decreased independence. Women were more affected by low mood/demotivation than men, the last had higher employment rates and more access to higher education, which may have contributed to a better emotional status. We concluded that duration of HIV infection, low CD4+ count and history of HIV-associated comorbidities affects functional status and compromise the independence of PLWHA.

Keywords: HIV-1, Comorbidity, Functional impairment, Functional status

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How to cite this article:

Ana Helena de Oliveira Andrade, Sandra Souza Lima, Andre Luis Ribeiro Ribeiro, Sílvio Augusto Fernandes de Menezes and Luiz Fernando Almeida Machado. 2018. Comorbidities and Functional Impairment among People Living With HIV in Belém, Pará, Amazon Region of Brazil.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(7): 4180-4190. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.