International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 7, Issue:7, July, 2018

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(7): 3575-3583

Antibiogram Based Antimicrobial Resistance Policy

Gihan A. ELBatouti1* and Marium H. EL Bahnasy2

1Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Pharos University in Alexandria, Alexandria, Egypt
2Faculty of Pharmacy, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt
*Corresponding author

Antimicrobial resistance is a current and fore coming worldwide problematic issue. It is more prevalent in healthcare settings; especially in hospital intensive care units. This study aimed to present a simple means of constructing an antibiotic policy from results of cumulative antibiograms for patients’ cultures [sputum, urine, blood, wounds] using a battery of narrow and broad spectrum antibiotics. The most commonly isolated pathogens from all samples were Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), Escherichia coli. (E. coli), Klebsiella pneumoniae (K.pneumoniae) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. E. coli recorded the highest percentage of resistance in all samples [75.2% for sputum, 74.3%for blood, 65.8%for wounds], while S.aureus isolates showed the least resistance [40.0% for sputum, 30.0% for blood]; K.pneumoniae revealed the least resistance [19.4% for wounds]. However, all bacterial isolates revealed a similar 40.0% resistance in urine samples. The resistance pattern was recorded and accordingly a sample antibiotic policy was formulated.

Keywords: Antibiotic resistance, Antibiogram, Antibiotic policy, Antimicrobial stewardship, Associated healthcare infections

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How to cite this article:

Gihan A. ELBatouti and Marium H. EL Bahnasy. 2018. Antibiogram Based Antimicrobial Resistance Policy.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(7): 3575-3583. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.