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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(7): 3575-3583
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.707.416


Antibiogram Based Antimicrobial Resistance Policy

Gihan A. ELBatouti1* and Marium H. EL Bahnasy2

1Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Pharos University in Alexandria, Alexandria, Egypt
2Faculty of Pharmacy, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Antimicrobial resistance is a current and fore coming worldwide problematic issue. It is more prevalent in healthcare settings; especially in hospital intensive care units. This study aimed to present a simple means of constructing an antibiotic policy from results of cumulative antibiograms for patients’ cultures [sputum, urine, blood, wounds] using a battery of narrow and broad spectrum antibiotics. The most commonly isolated pathogens from all samples were Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), Escherichia coli. (E. coli), Klebsiella pneumoniae (K.pneumoniae) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. E. coli recorded the highest percentage of resistance in all samples [75.2% for sputum, 74.3%for blood, 65.8%for wounds], while S.aureus isolates showed the least resistance [40.0% for sputum, 30.0% for blood]; K.pneumoniae revealed the least resistance [19.4% for wounds]. However, all bacterial isolates revealed a similar 40.0% resistance in urine samples. The resistance pattern was recorded and accordingly a sample antibiotic policy was formulated.


Keywords: Antibiotic resistance, Antibiogram, Antibiotic policy, Antimicrobial stewardship, Associated healthcare infections
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How to cite this article:

Gihan A. ELBatouti and Marium H. EL Bahnasy. 2018. Antibiogram Based Antimicrobial Resistance Policy.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(7): 3575-3583. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.707.416