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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(7): 3439-3453
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.707.399


Free Fatty Acid Profile of Seven Sesame (Sesamum Indicum L.) Verities
Varsha Thakur1, Seema Paroha2* and Ravi Prakash Mishra1
1Department of Post-Graduate Studies and Research in Biological Sciences, Rani Durgavati University, Jabalpur, M.P., India
2Project Coordination Unit, All India Coordination Project (Sesame and Niger), Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Jabalpur, M.P, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Quality of oil is depending on the fatty acid composition. This is based on the palmitic, stearic, oleic and linoleic acid. Sesame is oldest indigenous oilseed crop of India it is grown during kharif season in most part of the country. Its seeds contain between 50 and 54% of very good semi-drying oil, mostly with palmitic and stearic acids. In this research, variation in oil content, oil yield, chemical composition and fatty acid composition of 7 different TKG-22, GT-10, PKVNT-11, PRACHI, HT-2, DSS-9 and TMV-7 sesame verities were investigated. The oil content varied 39.33 to 46.4. percentage content of, linoleic acid, palmitic, Stearic acids, oleic acid and linolinic acid in the seed oil ranged between 31.84 to 41.73 %, 8.33 to10.15% , 5.34 to7.0 and respectively. Oleic acids 39.88 to 48.81%, linoleic acids 0.25 to 0.50% and palmitoleic 0.10 to 0.13 % acids were the minor fatty acids of sesame as sesame were about 24.3% which increases the suitability of the sesame oil for human consumption. The oil could be useful as edible oils and for industrial applications. In conclusion, the fatty acid composition of determinate types was found to be satisfactory.


Keywords: Sesame (sesamum indicum L.), Free fatty acid composition and Chemical characterization
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How to cite this article:

Varsha Thakur, Seema Paroha and Ravi Prakash Mishra. 2018. Free Fatty Acid Profile of Seven Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) Verities.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(7): 3439-3453. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.707.399