International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 7, Issue:7, July, 2018

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(7): 1760-1773

Chemical Control of Fertility in Male Dogs: A Review
Rakesh Kumar1*, Nitin Soni2, Sandeep Kumar2 and Anand Kumar Pandey3
1Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Haryana, India
2Department of Veterinary Gynaecology & Obstetrics, 3Department of Veterinary Clinical Complex, Covs, Luvas, Hisar, India
*Corresponding author

Stray dog population in Indian cities and towns has reached to about 30 million. Stray dog’s overpopulation poses a major threat to human health through their role in disease transmission as more than 100 zoonotic diseases are transmitted from dog to humans. Surgical castration is being used in India for population control of stray dogs since 1994 but its impact on stray dog population is not noticeable. Chemical control of fertility seems an alternative viable approach due to many reasons and researchers have tried various chemical methods since last century to inhibit/suppress fertility in male dogs. Chemical sterilization/contraception methods so far employed includes chemosterilants, hormonal methods, phytoestrogens, immunological methods and other miscellaneous compounds and out of all these methods/chemicals some seems to be practical at grass root level however Michelson Prize of $25 million is still waiting for its winner. We have made a brief summary of different types of chemical treatment methods that have either been tried in laboratories or field level in this review.

Keywords: Stray dogs, Sterilization, Contraception and chemical methods.

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How to cite this article:

Rakesh Kumar, Nitin Soni, Sandeep Kumar and Anand Kumar Pandey. 2018. Chemical Control of Fertility in Male Dogs: A Review.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(7): 1760-1773. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.