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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(7): 2249-2264
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.707.263


Evaluation of Industrial Waste-Municipal Solid Waste Composts as a Source of Nutrients and a Study on its Effect on Soil Properties, Growth, Yield and Nutrient Uptake in Maize (Zea mays L.)
K.S. Karthika1*, V.R.R. Parama2, C.A. Srinivasamurthy3, B. Hemalatha2 and I. Rashmi4
1ICAR-National Bureau of Soil Survey and Land Use Planning, Regional Centre,
Bangalore- 560 024, India
2Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, University of Agricultural Sciences, GKVK, Bangalore -560 065, India
3Central Agricultural University, Imphal, Manipur, India
4ICAR-Indian Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Research Centre, Kota, Rajasthan
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The field evaluation of composts prepared out of enzyme industrial wastes and municipal solid waste was carried out in farmer’s field in Bangalore, India using maize as a test crop in a randomized complete block design with nine treatments and 3 replications. Two composts: MEES compost and PS compost and fertilizers were used to know the effects on soil properties and agronomic characteristics and nutrient uptake by maize plants. Application of MEES compost and PS compost resulted in increased soil pH and organic carbon content, but the increase was insignificant. The available nutrient concentration was slightly higher than the initial soil on application of organics like composts and waste materials. The application of 100 % NPK +FYM @ 10 tha-1 recorded higher growth, grain yield (6341.47 kg ha-1) and straw yield (11416.46 kg ha-1) of maize. The status of available nutrients in soil, nutrient contents in maize and uptake by maize was higher with the application of 100 % NPK +FYM @ 10 tha-1. The application of both MEES compost and PS compost resulted in grain yields of 5517.48 and 5249.12 kg ha-1 and stalk yields of 9931.47 and 9448.41 kg ha-1 respectively and the performance was on par with each other. Application of composts did not result in heavy metals (Ni, Cd, Pb and Cr) accumulation in the soil as well as maize grain and stalk. The study thus revealed the suitability of enzyme industry wastes composts as organic nutrient source for use in agriculture.


Keywords: Industrial waste, Municipal Solid waste, Compost, Soil properties,
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How to cite this article:

1Karthika, K.S. Parama, V.R.R., Srinivasamurthy, C.A.,B.Hemalatha and Rashmi, I. 2018. Evaluation of Industrial Waste-Municipal Solid Waste Composts as a Source of Nutrients and a Study on its Effect on Soil Properties, Growth, Yield and Nutrient Uptake in Maize (Zea mays L.)Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(7): 2249-2264. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.707.263