International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 7, Issue:7, July, 2018

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(7): 1501-1516

Embryonic Mortality in Cattle- A Review
Pinki Rani1, Ravi Dutt1*, Gyan Singh2 and R.K. Chandolia1
1Department of Veterinary Gynaecology and Obstetrics
2Department of Veterinary Clinical Complex, Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences (LUVAS),
Hisar Haryana 125004, India
*Corresponding author

Cattle is one of the major livestock species for milk production, contributing significantly to the economy of our country and continuous milk production needs regular conception and successful calf crop production. World-over, for dairy economy, there is emphasis on one calf per year per cattle. Successful calving follows survival of the conceptus through embryonic and fetal development. Embryonic mortality is a major source of economic loss with mortality rate upto 40% in animal production through repeat breeding and increased cost of artificial insemination, cost of treatment, extended calving intervals and prolonged dry period resulting in reduced milk production. Factors involved in embryonic mortality are multifactorial and can be summarized into three intrinsic, extrinsic and embryonic categories. The present review on embryonic mortality in cattle deals with majority of the etiological factors.

Keywords: Artificial insemination, Cattle, Embryonic mortality, Repeat breeding

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How to cite this article:

Pinki Rani, Ravi Dutt, Gyan Singh and Chandolia, R.K. 2018. Embryonic Mortality in Cattle- A Review.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(7): 1501-1516. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.