International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 7, Issue:7, July, 2018

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(7): 1192-1203

New Criteria for Chemical Heterogeneity of the Biosphere 2. Distribution of Cadmium and Lead in the Egg of Hens
Veselin Kirov1, Alexander Tchoukanov2, Abdul Karim Hallak3 and Bayko Baykov1
1University of Forestry Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, 10, Kl Ochridsky Bld, Sofia, Bulgaria
2University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Faculty of Health Sciences, 2000 Simcoe Street North Oshawa, Ontario, Canada
3Faculty of Veterinary medicine-Department of Animal Health, Hama Univercity, Syria
*Corresponding author

There have been experiments with laying hens divided into 4 groups which receive rations with different amounts of lead and cadmium. The amount and distribution of the two toxic elements in the egg components have been studied and the environmental risk for human food use has been assessed. Two new criteria defining the chemical heterogeneity of the biosphere at sub-organismal level have been devised: Clark of distribution and Clark of safety. These criteria are proposed to increase the effectiveness of management. Disparities in the distribution of the tested elements in the egg white, egg yolk and shell and the degree of safety for human health have been found.

Keywords: Chemical heterogeneity, Biosphere, Food chain, Toxic elements, Pb, Cd, Accumulation, Food safety

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How to cite this article:

Veselin Kirov, Alexander Tchoukanov, Abdul Karim Hallak and Bayko Baykov. 2018. New Criteria for Chemical Heterogeneity of the Biosphere 2. Distribution of Cadmium and Lead in the Egg of Hens.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(7): 1192-1203. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.