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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 7, Issue:7, July, 2018

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(7): 1090-1100
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.707.133

Effect of Feeding Oak (Quercus leucotrichophora) Leaves on Growth and Performance of Goats in Kumaon Hills
A. Chaurasiya1*, B. Sahoo1, A. kuriyal1, A. Nehra1, M. Sankar1 and P. Tamboli2
1ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Mukteswar, Nainital, Uttarakhand 263138, India
2 ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana 132001, India
*Corresponding author

Twenty four local male goats of about 6-7 months of age were randomly divided into three homogenous groups (T1, T2 and T3) of eight animals each. Further, each group was subdivided in to 2 sub groups of 4 animals each and one sub group in each group was treated with synthetic anthelmintic (Ivermectin @ 200µg/kg body wt.) (TA+). Experimental feeding was similar in the three groups except for the roughage source, which was local green grass (Pennisetum clandestinum) in T1A- and T1A+, oak leaves (Q. leucotricophora) in T2A- and T2A+ and oak leaves supplemented with PEG in group T3A- and T3A+, respectively. Concentrate and roughage ratio was maintained 30:70. A metabolic trial of six days duration was conducted at the end of 120 days growth trial. DM intake (g d-1) through roughage, total DM intake and organic matter intake in oak leaves fed groups (T2A-, T2A+, T3A- and T3A+) were higher (P<0.05) than the grass fed groups (T1A-, T1A+). N and Ca balance (g d-1) was higher (P<0.05) in oak leaves fed groups supplemented with or without PEG than grass fed control (T1A-). Average daily gain (ADG; g d-1) was lower (P<0.01) in grass fed control (T1A-) than oak leaves fed groups. The fecal egg count was lower (P<0.01) in animals fed oak leaves and anthelmintic treated groups. It was concluded that feeding of oak leaves improved the feed intake, nutrient utilization and growth performance in Haemonchus contortus infected goats.

Keywords: Condensed tannin, Oak leaves, Polyethylene glycol, Goat

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How to cite this article:

Chaurasiya, A., B. Sahoo, A. Kuriyal, A. Nehra, M. Sankar and Tamboli, P. 2018. Effect of Feeding Oak (Quercus leucotrichophora) Leaves on Growth and Performance of Goats in Kumaon Hills.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(7): 1090-1100. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.707.133
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