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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(7): 637-645
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.707.077


Schmutzdecke- A Filtration Layer of Slow Sand Filter
Prem Ranjan1* and Manjeet Prem2
1Department of Agricultural Engineering, North Eastern Regional Institute of Science and Technology, Nirjuli, Arunachal Pradesh-791109, India
2Department of Farm Power and Machinery Engineering, College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, AAU, Godhra- 389001, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Slow sand filtration has been an effective means of treating water for the control of microbiological contaminants. Schmutzdecke is the layer of the microbial community that is responsible for treating the water through the sand bed. As water passes through this biological layer, foreign particles are trapped and essentially eaten by bacteria forms on this layer. Development of Schmutzdecke layer depends on available microbes in raw water, food supply, oxygen supply, residence time, and wetting of sand bed. Generally, 13 types of bacterial community are found in the Schmutzdecke layer, in which Pseudomonas stutzeri bacteria are dominant. Many of the researchers observed that water purification is 90 to 99% after the development of Schmutzdecke or maturity of the filter bed. Head loss of filter is also increased with the volume of water filter, but it can be easily recovered by cleaning of the upper layer of the filter bed.


Keywords: Filtration, Sand bed, Schmutzdecke, Pseudomonas stutzeri
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How to cite this article:

Prem Ranjan and Manjeet Prem. 2018. Schmutzdecke- A Filtration Layer of Slow Sand Filter.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(7): 637-645. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.707.077