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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(7): 439-447
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.707.053


Effect of Supplementation of Antioxidant (Vitamin E), Trace Minerals (Selenium, Copper, Zinc) and Increased Energy Allowance on (certain) Serum Metabolites and Competence of Transition Crossbred Cows
A. Bhimte1*, Y. Konyak2, B. Balamurugan3, L. Kipjen Singh3, M. Sarkar2, G. Singh2 and V.P. Maurya2
1Animal Physiology Division, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal-132001, Haryana, India
2Division of Physiology and climatology
4Division of Animal Reproduction,  ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izzatnagar-243122, U.P., India
3Animal Reproduction, Gynaecology and Obstetrics, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal-132001, Haryana, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of antioxidant (vitamin E (vit E)) and trace minerals (selenium (Se), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn)), high energy diet supplementation and its effect on allometric and physio-biochemical parameters in crossbred cows during transition period. For this, advanced pregnant crossbred cows (n = 20) of 2nd to 4th parity and lactation potential of >10 L/day at 28 days prepartum were divided into two groups viz. control (CON) and treatment (TRT) consisting of 10 animals each. TRT group was supplemented with Vit E @ 80 IU/kg DMI + Se @ 0.3 mg/kg DMI+ Cu @ 15.7 mg/kg DMI + Zn @ 22 mg/kg DMI incorporated in wheat flour bolus from -4 to 8 week of calving and were provided with 20% additional concentrate from 2 to 8 week of calving to TRT group. CON group was given only basal diet without any supplementation. Physiological responses, body weight (B.wt) and body condition score (BCS) of each animal was recorded. Blood samples were collected on weekly interval from -4 to 8 week of calving. Glucose, triglyceride and total cholesterol were estimated from serum using commercial kits. BCS and B.wt were maintained significantly better (p<0.05) in TRT than CON group. Physiological responses showed better adaptation in TRT as compare to CON group. Plasma cholesterol, triglyceride (p<0.05) and glucose (p<0.01) levels were also found significantly elevated in TRT versus CON group. Thus, Vit E, Se, Cu and Zn supplementation showed positive impact on overall health status and adaptability of the animals.


Keywords: Transition cows, Negative energy balance (NEB), Lipid mobilization, Body condition score (BCS), Non steroid fatty acids (NEFA), fatty liver, Dry matter intake(DMI)
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How to cite this article:

Bhimte, A., Y. Konyak, B. Balamurugan, L. Kipjen Singh, M. Sarkar, G. Singh and Maurya, V.P. 2018. Effect of Supplementation of Antioxidant (Vitamin E), Trace Minerals (Selenium, Copper, Zinc) and Increased Energy Allowance on (certain) Serum Metabolites and Competence of Transition Crossbred Cows.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(7): 439-447. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.707.053