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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(9): 190-197
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.509.021


Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites among Patients attending a Tertiary Care Centre in South India
Kumar Manochitra, Shashiraja Padukone, Selvaratthinam Ajay Philips and Subhash Chandra Parija*
Department of Microbiology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education
and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Intestinal parasitic infections are important public health problem and are globally endemic. It constitutes single worldwide cause of morbidity and mortality.  The prevalence is presumed to be high in developing countries like India probably due to poor sanitary conditions and improper personal hygiene. This study was estimate the burden of the intestinal parasitic infections and the current pattern of distribution in patients attending a tertiary care setting in Puducherry, India. This is a retrospective study carried out over a period of 5 years (Aug 2011 to Jun 2016). Stool samples of patients received in the parasitology section, Dept. of Microbiology, JIPMER were subjected to routine stool investigations. The results were recorded, and data was presented in the form of frequency and distribution. A total of 1508 fresh stool samples were screened, of which 22.2% (n=335) were positive for various intestinal parasites. Overall, protozoal infections (16.25%) were higher than helminthic infections (5.97%). On the whole, Entamoeba species showed higher prevalence (39.7%) followed by Blastocystis (13.4%) and Ascaris (11.34%). Among the coccidian parasites identified, Cystoisospora showed maximum positivity (2.7%). There was a noticeable female predominance pattern (56%) compared to male showing 43.9% positivity. The results conclude that Entamoeba spp., and Ascaris are the most common protozoal and helminthic parasites respectively present in the study population. In our study population, age group between 31-40 years are predominantly infected with these parasites. Apart from the early diagnosis and effective treatment, health education is a requisite to control infections in developing countries.


Keywords: Intestinal parasites, Distribution, Prevalence,Protozoal infections, Helminthic infections, South India, Entamoeba spp., Blastocystis, Ascaris.
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How to cite this article:

Kumar Manochitra, Shashiraja Padukone, Selvaratthinam, Ajay Philips and Subhash Chandra Parija. 2016. Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites among Patients attending a Tertiary Care Centre in South India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(9): 190-197. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.509.021