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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(6): 2896-2904
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.706.341


Influence of Age, Sex and Season on the Occurrence of Escherichia coli O157: H7 in Sheep and Goats of Hyderabad-Karnataka Region, India
Pralhad*, Basavaraj Awati, B. K. Ramesh, N. A. Patil, Pradeep Kumar,Jaganath Rao, P. T. Vinay, K. C. Mallinath, Arun Kharate,P. Suryakanth, N. B. Paramesh and M. Revappayya
Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Veterinary College, Bidar-585401, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

coli O157:H7 is an emerging food borne pathogen having zoonotic importance. Though the primary reservoir of this serotype is cattle; Sheep and goats are also considered to be the main reservoir for E. coli O157:H7. In the present study, faecal samples were collected from sheep (n=517) and goats (n=450) in different farms across Hyderabad-Karnataka region during June 2016 to August 2017 were analysed. The samples were processed and analysed for the isolation, identification and confirmation of E. coli O157:H7 by cultural, biochemical characterization and latex agglutination test. The prevalence is more in male (4.14 % in sheep and 2.94 % in goats) than female (3.26 % in sheep and 2.84 % in goats), also in yearlings (6.25 % in sheep and 5.08 % in goats) than lambs or kids (3.35 % in sheep and 4.22 % in goats) and adult sheep or goats (2.02 % in sheep and 1.56 % in goats). The prevalence of E. coli O157:H7 varied between seasons with the highest prevalence occurring in summer (3.70 % in sheep and 3.70 % in goats) followed by monsoon (3.30 % in sheep and 1.81 % in goats) and winter seasons (2.79 % in sheep and 2.30 % in goats). Understanding above factors will contribute to shedding of E. coli O157:H7 in small ruminants which help in development of control strategies to reduce pre-harvest incidence of food borne pathogen in humans.


Keywords: coli O157: H7, sheep and goats, latex agglutination test, Hyderabad-Karnataka region, age, sex and season
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How to cite this article:

Prahlad, Basavaraj Awati, B. K. Ramesh, N. A. Patil, Pradeep Kumar Jaganath Rao, Vinay Tikare, K. C. Mallinath, Arun Kharate, P. Suryakanth, N. B. Paramesh and Revappayya M. 2018. Influence of Age, Sex and Season on the Occurrence of Escherichia coli O157: H7 in Sheep and Goats of Hyderabad-Karnataka Region, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(6): 2896-2904. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.706.341