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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(6): 3675-3681
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.706.431


Prevalence and Resistance Pattern of Staphylococcus aureus Isolated from a Al-Hussain Teaching Medical City, Al-Zahraa Hospital, and Obstetric Teaching Hospital in Karbala Governorate, Iraq
Abdul Hussain Sahib Kadhim*
College of Medicine, Karbala University, Iraq
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Staphylococcus aureus continues to be a dangerous pathogen for both community-acquired as well as hospital-associated infections. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of S. aureus and Methicillin Resistant S. aureus (MRSA) in the environments of three hospitals in Karbala, Iraq. To study the prevalence of resistant strains of S. aureus isolated from the environments of three hospitals in Karbala, Iraq. A total of 200samples were collected exudative specimens such as Pus, Wound swabs, Blood, Throat swabs, and urine obtained from cultures of specimens from patients who had been hospitalized for 48 hours. The swab samples were directly plated on Mannitol Salt and Baird Parker agar plates and incubated at 37 °C (± 2) for 18–24 h. An antibiotic susceptibility test was performed using the Clinical Laboratory Standard Institute’s guidelines. A total number of 200 clinical samples were processed which included 45Pus, 40 Wound swabs, 35 Blood, 30 Throat swabs, 50 Urine. Of the entire number of clinical samples processed, only 200 samples were found positive for bacterial growth. The prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus in the culture positive samples was found 44% (88). Coagulase negative staphylococci, 29.16% (7) and 62.22% (38) Gram negative bacilli. The incidence of S. aureus in the types of clinical samples Methicillin-resistant S. aureus had high prevalence among Iraqi patients which were admitted in Hospitals, which indicate their predominance in our community. Accurate and continuous surveillance of antibiotic resistance patterns among S. aureus strains should be considered in emergency health care centers.


Keywords: Antimicrobial susceptibility, Prevalence, Antibioticresistance, Staphylococcus
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How to cite this article:

Abdul Hussain Sahib Kadhim. 2018. Prevalence and Resistance Pattern of Staphylococcus aureus Isolated from a Al-Hussain Teaching Medical City, Al-Zahraa Hospital, and Obstetric Teaching Hospital in Karbala Governorate, Iraq.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(6): 3675-3681. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.706.431