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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(6): 3454-3463
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.706.405


Genetic Improvement of Temperate Grasses and Legumes in Indian Himalayan Region: A Review
V. K. Sood, H. K. Chaudhary, Anjali Kumari*, Hausila Prasad Singh, Rajni Devi and Ankita Sharma
Department of Crop Improvement, CSK Himachal Pradesh Agricultural University, Palampur-176062, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Pastures in Indian Himalayas are based largely on annual and perennial temperate species that are rich in biodiversity but have less productivity. The main temperate grass and legume species prevalent are perennial ryegrass, tall fescue, festulolium hybrid, red and white clovers. Fescue grass consists of two agriculturally important forage crops, hexaploid tall fescue and diploid meadow fescue. Ryegrass contains two widely cultivated temperate species, Italian or annual ryegrass and perennial ryegrass. Both species are naturally diploid and are closely related to fescues. Festulolium hybrids have been developed by crossing fescue to ryegrass to combine the desirable traits of both species and broaden the genetic pool. Red clover contains an enzyme polyphenol oxidase (PPO) which reduces the losses of protein. Thus the genotypes/ lines containing high PPO are rich in protein and can be further used in the breeding programme. Breeding of white and red clover builds on the advantages of these species in terms of their impact on animal performance, fatty acid profiles and flavour. Further improvement in germplasm of temperate forage grasses can be made by linking of physiology and genomics, integration of genomics with classical breeding combined with appropriate phenotypic analysis of key traits will be essential for the development of improved forage cultivation.


Keywords: Backcross hybrids; dry matter digestibility; palatability; red clover; winter hardiness and white clover etc.
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How to cite this article:

Sood, V. K., H. K. Chaudhary, Anjali Kumari, Hausila Prasad Singh, Rajni Devi and Ankita Sharma. 2018. Genetic Improvement of Temperate Grasses and Legumes in Indian Himalayan Region: A Review.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(6): 3454-3463. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.706.405