International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 7, Issue:6, June, 2018

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(6): 3295-3304

Metabolic Indicators for Pneumonia and Diarrhoea in Holstein Frisian Crossbred Calves
S. Usha1*, T.K. Mohanty2 and P. Senthilkumar3
1Post Graduate Research Institute for Animal Sciences, TANUVAS, Kattuppakkam, Chennai, India
2Livestock Research Center, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal-132001, Haryana, India.
3Mecheri Sheep Research Station, TANUVAS, Pottaneri, Salem District, Tamil Nadu, India
*Corresponding author

Present study estimated alteration of certain plasma metabolites (glucose, urea nitrogen, cholesterol, NEFA and NEFA: cholesterol ratio) and minerals (Ca, P, Zn, Cu and Mn) in healthy calves (n=96), calf with diarrhoea (n=32) and calf with pneumonia (n=32). Plasma glucose was significantly lower both in calves with diarrhoea and pneumonia as compared to health calves (Pï‚£0.05). There was lower plasma cholesterol level in pneumonic calves as compared to healthy calves (Pï‚£0.05). Plasma BUN, NEFA and NEFA: cholesterol ratio remained similar between healthy and diseased calves. Plasma Ca level in diarrhoea and pneumonia condition decreases significantly than the health calves (Pï‚£0.05). In pneumonia condition, plasma Zn level remained significantly lower than healthy ones (Pï‚£0.05). Plasma Cu level was observed to be significantly lower in both diarrhoea and pneumonia condition compared to healthy calves (Pï‚£0.05). The plasma P and Mn values were similar between healthy and diseased calves. Further, Receiver Operating Characteristic analysis (ROC) revealed that among different plasma metabolites and minerals, plasma glucose is 100% accurate to differentiate diseased calves from their healthy counterparts. It may be inferred that the levels of glucose would help in differentiate diseased calves from healthy calves in the herd.

Keywords: Plasma mineral, Plasma metabolites, Diarrhoea, Pneumonia, ROC

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How to cite this article:

Usha, S., T.K. Mohanty and Senthilkumar, P. 2018. Metabolic Indicators for Pneumonia and Diarrhoea in Holstein Frisian Crossbred Calves.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(6): 3295-3304. doi:
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