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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(6): 3190-3197
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.706.374


The Profile of Uropathogens and Their Antibiotic Susceptibility in IPD Adults in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India
Pooja Gupta1* and Kashish Gupta2
1Department of Microbiologist, Max superspeciality Hospital, Bathinda-151001,
Punjab, India
2Department of Ophthalmology, Max superspeciality Hospital Bathinda-151001, Punjab, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Urinary tract infections (UTI) are one of the most common infections that lead to morbidity in humans with Escherichia coli being the most common bacteria. Injudicious use of antibiotics has led to increased resistance of urinary pathogens to otherwise sensitive antibiotics hence; Knowledge of local bacteriological trend the antibiotic susceptibility pattern is a must to initiate a judicious antibiotic treatment. The study was a retrospective analysis of urine samples of IPD patients done over a period of 7 months from June 2017 to Dec 2017. This was done to analyze bacteriological profile and their antibiotic susceptibility. 210 samples showed growth; 111 and 99 being females and males respectively. Gram negative bacteria were the most common isolates with E.coli being the most common bacteria followed by Klebsiella spp., Enterococcus fecalis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa comprising the majority of isolates. High sensitivity was observed towards nitrofurantoin while organisms were resistant to fluroquinolones. Cefoperazone-sulbactam and fosfomycin are also effective drug for E.coli and Klebsiella spp. UTIs were most common in females. Gram negative bacteria were the major uropathogens in our admitted patients; Escherichia coli and Klebsiella being the most common. An increased resistance was observed towards fluroquinolones, cotrimoxazole and cephalosporins. An antibiogram specific for healthcare setting is must that shall be based on bacteriological profile and organism’s sensitivity pattern.


Keywords: Uropathogens, MDR, E.coli, antibiotic susceptibility
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How to cite this article:

Pooja Gupta and Kashish Gupta. 2018. The Profile of Uropathogens and Their Antibiotic Susceptibility in IPD Adults in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(6): 3190-3197. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.706.374