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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(6): 3178-3189
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.706.373


An Insight into Transgenic Development Activities in Fruit Crops
Francis Dutta*, Mingnam Ch. Marak and Ashok Kumar Meena
Department of Horticulture, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Fruits and vegetables are often referred to as “protective foods” because they are rich in minerals and vitamins. Fruit production is severely impacted by various biotic and abiotic stresses and during the past, efforts have been made by conventional breeding programs to mitigate these problems. However, classical breeding has had little success in improving fruit plants and is constrained due to long juvenile period, genetic erosion, genetic drag and reproductive barriers that limit the transfer of favourable genes from diverse genetic resources. A transgenic crop plant harbors an additional, stably integrated and expressed, foreign gene(s) from trans-species by the process called genetic transformation. In the last two decades, genetic transformation of fruit crops has focused mainly on enhancing resistance to biotic stresses and increasing tolerance to abiotic ones. However, it is worthwhile to mention that field evaluation and commercialization of these crops is very limited. Advances in genomics in the next few years is to put a major impact on this field. While it is difficult to determine the changes in public acceptance of transgenic fruits in the future, the advances in alternatives like cisgenics, genome editing etc. may considerably affect public opinion.


Keywords: Fruits, Transgenics, Transformation
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How to cite this article:

Francis Dutta, Mingnam Ch. Marak and Ashok Kumar Meena. 2018. An Insight into Transgenic Development Activities in Fruit Crops.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(6): 3178-3189. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.706.373