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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(6): 3119-3126
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.706.366


Prevalence of Escherichia coli and Salmonella spp. in Captive Niligiri Langur (Trachypithecus johnii) in South India
P. Balaji1*, K. Senthil Kumar1, K. Vijayarani2, S. Vairamuthu3, K. Karunakaran4
K. Porteen5, Anjana Josy5 and S. J. Deepak5
1Department of Wildlife Science, Madras Veterinary College, Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Madhavaram Milk Colony, Chennai-600051, Tamil Nadu, India
2Department of Animal Biotechnology, Madras Veterinary College, Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Madhavaram Milk Colony, Chennai-600051, Tamilnadu, India
3Centralised Clinical Laboratory, Madras Veterinary College, Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Madhavaram Milk Colony, Chennai-600051, Tamil Nadu, India
4Department of Animal Nutrition, Madras Veterinary College, Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Madhavaram Milk Colony, Chennai-600051, Tamil Nadu, India
5Department of Veterinary Public Health and Epidemiology, Madras Veterinary College, Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Madhavaram Milk Colony, Chennai-600051, Tamil Nadu, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The Niligiri Langur (Trachypithecus johnii) is a threatened black faced colobine which is endemic to Western Ghats in south India. The present study is designed to study the bacterial flora of gut from this non-human primate. The captive non-human primates usually suffer from gastrointestinal disturbances which often go unnoticed but they harbor variety bacterial flora in the gut. The Enterobactericeace such as E. coli, Shigella spp. and Salmonella spp. are some of the important bacterial species of gut flora. A total of 21 animals studied, of which 56 feacal swabs were collected from 18 animals from Arignar Anna Zoological Park (AAZP), Vandalur, Chennai and 8 feacal swabs from 3 animals from Sri Chamarajendra Zoological Park (SCZP), Mysore. The 64 fresh feacal samples were screened for prevalence of E. coli and Salmonella spp. by conventional cultural method and molecular techniques. The prevalence of E. coli was found to be 100 percent (n-64) by cultural and PCR assay whereas Salmonella was isolated from 67.18% (43/64) viz., 37/56 (66%) in AAZP and 6/8 (75%) in SCZP by cultural method and PCR. The isolates were further subjected to antibiotic sensitivity test and found that isolates are sensitive to gentamicin, azithromycin and ciprofloxacin but few isolates found resistant to amoxicillin and cefotaxime. The present study concludes that E. coli is highly prevalent compared to Salmonella in gut of Niligiri Langur.


Keywords: Zoological Park, Gut Microflora, Nilgiri Langur, Escherichia coli, Salmonella spp., Trachypithecus johnii
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How to cite this article:

Balaji P., K. Senthil Kumar, K. Vijayarani, S. Vairamuthu, K. Karunakaran, K. Porteen, Anjana Josy and Deepak S. J. 2018. Prevalence of Escherichia coli and Salmonella spp. in Captive Niligiri Langur (Trachypithecus johnii) in South India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(6): 3119-3126. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.706.366