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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(6): 2504-2511
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.706.297


Integrated Pest Management in Rice and its Future Scope
Mukesh Sehgal1, Meenakshi Malik1*, R.V. Singh1, A.K. Kanojia1 and Avinash Singode2
1ICAR- National Research Centre for Integrated Pest Management,New Delhi-110012, India
2ICAR- Indian Institute of Millets Research, Rajendranagar,Hyderabad-500030, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Prior to the introduction of the modern varieties, the rice crop survived for centuries with traditional varieties with robust plant type but low yield. The farmers started applying higher doses of fertilizers in general and nitrogen in particular as these varieties were fertilizer responsive and these changes in rice cultivation resulted in an altered micro-climate, which led to the accentuation of the insect pest and disease problems. Many diseases such as sheath blight, sheath rot, false smut and leaf scald have become severe in several parts of the country. Yield-losses ranging from 21 to 51 percent have been estimated due to moderate to serious incidence of stem borer, gall midge, plant-hoppers and other sporadic pests in the rice growing areas of the country. To overcome the biotic constraints mainly pests and diseases for realizing yield potential of rice, development of suitable Integrated Pest Management (IPM) strategy is important. But as the farmers have been mostly confident on chemical control for managing the pests, it has become imperative to develop a holistic system of tackling pests, which is environment-friendly, economically viable and socially acceptable. Time, money, patience, short- and long-term planning, flexibility and commitment are required for any IPM programme to be successful. The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and the Department of Agricultural Research and Education of the Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, are focused on the development and promotion of IPM in the country. It is the topmost priority of the ICAR and the Government of India to provide safer and effective technologies to protect against unacceptable losses due to insect pests, weeds and diseases.


Keywords: IPM, Rice, Pests, Diseases, Biotic Constraints, Pesticides, Fertilizers, Farmers
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How to cite this article:

Mukesh Sehgal, Meenakshi Malik, R.V. Singh, A.K. Kanojia and Avinash Singode. 2018. Integrated Pest Management in Rice and Its Future Scope.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(6): 2504-2511. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.706.297