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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(6): 2362-2367
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.706.282


Engineering Properties of Various Agricultural Residue
J.M. Makavana1*, V.V. Agravat2, P.R. Balas2, P.J. Makwana3 and V.G. Vyas4
1Department of Renewable Energy Engineering, CAET, JAU, Junagadh, Gujarat, India
2Department of Farm Power Engineering, CAET, JAU, Junagadh, Gujarat, India
3Department of Soil and Water Engineering, CAET, JAU, Junagadh, India
4Department of Food testing laboratory (biotechnology) JAU,Junagadh, Gujarat, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Various engineering properties of rice husk, rice straw, sugarcane bagasse and cotton stalk were estimated. Experiment was performed at SPRERI (Sardar Patel Renewable Energy Research Institute), Vallabh Vidyanagar, Gujarat. Different physical properties of these residues such as moisture content, bulk density, true density, porosity, angle of repose and thermal properties like volatile matter, ash content and fixed carbon was measured. Bulk density of rice husk and rice straw was 331.59 kg/m3 and 380.54 kg/m3 respectively. For sugarcane bagasse and cotton stalk it was 723.2 and 206.14kg/m3 respectively. Volatile matter and ash content for rice husk, rice straw, sugarcane bagasse and cotton stalk was recorded as 70.70, 64.43, 86.15,96.07 % d.b. and 18.60, 15.20, 3.28, 6.93 % d.b. respectively. Fixed carbon for rice husk, rice straw, sugarcane bagasse and cotton stalk was calculated as 10.7, 20.37, 10.62 and 10.7 respectively. These various engineering properties helps significantly for designing of equipment, enhance plant production, developing new technologies in which agricultural residues are used as raw material.


Keywords: Agricultural residue, Physical properties, Thermal properties
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How to cite this article:

Makavana, J.M., V.V. Agravat, P.R. Balas, P.J. Makwana and Vyas, V.G. 2018. Engineering Properties of Various Agricultural Residue.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(6): 2362-2367. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.706.282