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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(6): 2305-2313
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.706.276


Prevalence and Antibiotic Susceptibility Pattern of Staphylococcus species in Canine Skin Infection
Ankita* and R.S. Gandge
Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Bombay Veterinary College, Parel, Mumbai, Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University, Nagpur, 440001, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Bacterial skin infections in dogs are a very common clinical problem and almost every dermatological disease of the dog can have bacterial pyoderma as a component. This study investigated the incidence of Staphylococcus spp. and proportion of antimicrobial resistant patterns of Staphylococcus isolates from skin scraping samples of dog.  186 samples were collected from private pet clinic. Proceed for isolation of Staphylococcus species and verified for susceptibility to gentamicin, chloramphenicol, vancomycin, ceftriaxone, cephotaxime, methicillin, oxacillin and penicillin-G by agar disc diffusion method. Out of 186, 125 cases were positive for bacterial skin infection i.e., 67.2%. Among 125Staphylococcus recovered, 100(80%) isolates of Staphylococcus Intermedius, 20(16%) isolates of Staphylococcus aureus and 5(4%) isolates of Staphylococcus epidermidis were characterized by use of conventional biochemical tests and sugar fermentation test. The incidence rate of age group 1-3 years (67.18%) showed greater susceptibility to dermatological conditions. Male dogs showed greater involvement in bacterial dermatitis. S. intermedius were sensitive to gentamicin 98(98%) followed by chloramphenicol 70(70%) and vancomycin 66(66%), intermediate to cephotaxime 46(46%) and ceftriaxone 20(20%). S. aureus were sensitive to ceftriaxone 12(60%) followed by gentamicin 9(40.9%) and vancomycin 8(36.36%), intermediate to chloramphenicol 5(22.7%) and cephotaxime 6(27.27%). S. epidermidis were sensitive to chloramphenicol 4(80%) and vancomycin 3(60%), intermediate to ceftriaxone 1(20%) and gentamicin 1(20%), resistant to cephotaxime 3(60%) were seen in some cases. In common, gentamicin and vancomycin were the most active antimicrobial agent. All the isolates of The Staphylococcus isolates were found to be resistant methicillin, oxacillin and penicillin- G. Hence, multiple drug resistant were obtained in Staphylococcus spp. The increasing frequency of multidrug resistance complicates the selection of antimicrobial therapy.


Keywords: Prevalence, Staphylococcus spp, Antibiotic Sensitivity Test, Skin scraping, Dog
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How to cite this article:

Ankita and Gandge, R.S. 2018. Prevalence and Antibiotic Susceptibility Pattern of Staphylococcus Species in Canine Skin Infection.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(6): 2305-2313. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.706.276