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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(6): 1543-1550
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.706.184


Effect of Intercrops on Apple Production cv. Red Delicious
Rifat Bhat*, Sharbat Hussain, Muzaffara Akhter, M. K. Sharma, Nawsheen Nazir, Aroosa Khalil, Shabir. A. Bangroo and A. Raouf Malik
Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Shalimar, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir-190025, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

An experiment was conducted to assess the effect of different intercrops like maize, pea, strawberry, cabbage, red clover, French bean, oats and maize on apple production cv Red Delicious under Kashmir conditions. The results obtained revealed significant improvement in apple trees intercropped with legumes followed by control and non-legume type crops. Flowering occurred earlier in pea (44.44 days from reference date), followed by red clover (44.32) and French bean (48.32). Per cent fruit set and fruit maturity (DAFB to harvest) occurred earlier in apple trees intercropped with pea (12.91%, 179.50), red clover (11.88%, 182.10) and French bean (10.75%, 184.50) than control (9.70%, 185.57) and heavy feeder crops like maize (6.12%, 187.22), oats (6.61%, 186.07), strawberry (8.45%, 184.79) and cabbage (8.02%, 184.21). Fruit yield (37.51 kg/tree), fruit weight (155.72g), fruit volume (165.56 cm3) and leaf nutrient status, N P, K, Ca and Mg were found to be highest in trees intercropped with legumes than with the non –legume type of crops. The impact of intercrops on relative economic yield of apple (system equivalent yield) revealed that the apple trees intercropped with pea had better benefit: cost ratio (1.71) followed by cabbage (1.41), red clover (1.40) and French bean (1.39) than clean cultivation (1.34).


Keywords: Apple, Intercrops, Yield, Economics, Leaf nutrient status, Red Delicious
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How to cite this article:

Rifat Bhat, Sharbat Hussain, Muzaffara Akhter, Nawsheen Nazir, Aroosa Khalil, Shabir. A. Bangroo and A. Raouf Malik. 2018. Effect of Intercrops on Apple Production cv. Red Delicious.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(6): 1543-1550. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.706.184