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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(6): 1479-1491
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.706.176


New Criteria for Chemical Heterogeneity of the Biosphere: Distribution of Cadmium and Lead in Laying Hens
Veselin Kirov1*, Abdul Karim Hallak2, Alexander Tchoukanov3 and Bayko Baykov1
1University of Forestry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kliment Ohridski Street 10, Sofia 1756, Bulgaria
2Ministry of Agriculture, Damascus, Animal Drugs Direcorate, Department quality control laboratory, Damask
3University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Faculty of Health Sciences, 2000 Simcoe Street North Oshawa, Ontario, Canada
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Trials are made with laying hens divided into 4 groups, which are being given rations containing lead and cadmium corresponding to those existing in regions with high technogenic Clark. Two new criteria are proposed for improvement of the efficiency of anthrozoocenosis management, which define the chemical heterogeneity of the biosphere at organism and sub-organism level: distribution Clark and safety Clark. Differences are found both in the organotropism of tested elements and in their distribution. The criterion safety Clark shows some irregularities in the legal regulations with regard to the cadmium content of the laying hen products.


Keywords: Chemical heterogeneity, biosphere, food chain, toxic elements, Pb, Cd, food safety
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How to cite this article:

Veselin Kirov, Abdul Karim Hallak, Alexander Tchoukanov and Bayko Baykov. 2018. New Criteria for Chemical Heterogeneity of the Biosphere: Distribution of Cadmium and Lead in Laying Hens.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(6): 1479-1491. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.706.176