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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(6): 1291-1296
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.706.151


Effect of Seed Sowing and Scarification Methods on Germination and Growth of Chironji (Buchnania lanzan Spreng)
Kamal Narayan1*, Deo Shankar2, Kedar Nath Yadaw1 and Narayan Sahu1
1Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Dantewada, IGKV, Raipur (C.G.), India
2SGCARS, Jagdalpur, IGKV, Raipur (C.G.), India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Chironji, a multipurpose tree provides food, fuel, fodder, timber and medicine to the local community. The species is well known for its kernel which has high nutritive value with rich source of fat, protein and mineral. It is free for collection, as a result of which the local inhabitants, traders and greedy merchants destroy the branches/whole trees during collection of its fruits without bothering about new plantations. This has led to the destruction of Chironji plants in the forests. Due to poor rate of seed germination, method of sowing is an important aspect of nursery for Buchnania lanzan which needs to be standardized. Keeping these points in view the present study was done at Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Dantewada, I.G.K.V., Raipur (C.G.) during the year 2014-15. Experiment was conducted under factorial randomized design block design under which different seed rupturing method (Seed sown normally, Soaking of seeds in water overnight, Mechanical rupturing of seed coat by hammer before sowing of seeds, Hot water treatment at 50 0C for 30 minutes, Seed treatment by 5% H2SO4 for 10 minutes and Soaking of seeds in cow dung overnight) and seed sowing method (Direct sowing in soil and seed sown in polythene bag). Seed germination of 75 % within 20 days could be achieved with satisfactory seedling growth i.e. plant height and survival percentage by mechanically rupturing the stony endocarp with hammer before sowing of seed. Seed sown directly in soil recorded significant effect for germination percentage, days to germination, plant height and survival percentage of Chironji saplings.


Keywords: Chironji, germination, Scarification, Sowing method, propagation
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How to cite this article:

Kamal Narayan, Deo Shankar, Kedar Nath Yadaw and Narayan Sahu. 2018. Effect of Seed Sowing and Scarification Methods on Germination and Growth of Chironji (Buchnania lanzan Spreng).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(6): 1291-1296. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.706.151