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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(6): 1097-1103
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.706.130


Eco-Friendly Process of Absorbent Cotton Preparation for Rural Entrepreneurship
P. Jagajanantha*, V. Mageshwaran, Varsha Satankar and P.G. Patil
ICAR-Central Institute for Research on Cotton Technology, Mumbai – 400019, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

A combined scouring and bleaching process was developed for absorbent cotton preparation using crude enzyme. The substrate for crude enzyme preparation includes banana pseudo stem dry powder, cotton seed hulls and cotton seed meal in the ratio of 60:30:10. The crude enzyme was extracted from the fermented substrate and the pectinase and laccase activity recorded in the enzyme extract was 25 and 7 Units per ml respectively. Experimental trials were taken to prepare absorbent cotton from one kg of short staple cotton (var. Phule Dhanwantry) using High Temperature and High Pressure (HTHP) method and Open Bath (OB) method. The process conditions were cotton fibre and crude enzyme extract in the ratio 1:12, material to liquor ratio was 1:20, temperature (55ºC), time (40 min), pH (9.0) and wetting agent (0.1%). The absorbency recorded was 3 seconds (sink test) and whiteness index of 32(CIE standard) and 41 in HTHP and OB methods respectively. Moreover, the capital investment required for OB method is much less than HTHP method. Considering the large availability of cheap agro residue in the rural places, this eco-friendly, economical and simple enzymatic process could be easily adopted for rural entrepreneurship development, especially for rural women employment.


Keywords: Eco-friendly method, Absorbent Cotton, Enzymatic Scouring, Bleaching, Banana Pseudo stem, Cotton seed hull, Cotton seed meal
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How to cite this article:

Jagajanantha, P., V. Mageshwaran, Varsha Satankar and Patil, P.G. 2018. Eco-Friendly Process of Absorbent Cotton Preparation for Rural Entrepreneurship.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(6): 1097-1103. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.706.130