International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 5, Issue:8, August, 2016

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(8): 663-668

Prevalence and Detection of Malaria at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Southern Rajasthan, India
Sanjeev Kumar* and Nasir khan
Department of Microbiology, PIMS, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India
*Corresponding author

Malaria presents a diagnostic challenge to laboratories in most countries. The majority of malaria cases are found in countries where cost-effectiveness is an important factor and ease of diagnostic test performance and training of personnel are also major considerations.  Most new technology for malaria diagnosis incorporates immunochromatographic capture procedures, with conjugated monoclonal antibodies providing the indicator of infection. Preferred targeted antigens are those which are abundant in all asexual and sexual stages of the parasite; currently interest is focused on the detection of histidine-rich protein 2 (HRP-2) from Plasmodium falciparum and parasite specific lactate dehydrogenase (pLDH). The total 1440 blood samples of suspected malaria cases were tested by rapid card method during the period of April 2015 to September 2015. Out of 1440 suspected cases, 100(14.4%) cases were positive for malaria.  The male to female ratio was 2:1. Positive for Plasmodium vivax were (69%) and Plasmodium falciparum (31%).The infection is more common in the age group of >18 years. Rapid diagnostic tests offer the possibility of more rapid, non-microscopic method for malaria diagnosis. These tests are easy to perform and require little training to interpret the results as comparing with routine microscopic (gold standard) examination, which required time and need a technical expertise.

Keywords: Rapid card test, Prevalence, Malaria,Age,HRP-2,pLDH.

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How to cite this article:

Sanjeev Kumar and Naseer Khan. 2016. Prevalence and Detection of Malaria at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Southern Rajasthan, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(8): 663-668. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.