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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(8): 458-469
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.508.049


Effect of Biofertilizers as a Partial Substitute for Mineral Fertilizers on Growth, Anatomical Structure, Mineral Elements and Yield of Wheat under Newly Reclaimed Soil Conditions
Ragab S. Taha1, Ayman H.A. Mahdi2* and Hamdy A. Abd El-Rahman3
1Botany Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Fayoum University, 63514 Fayoum, Egypt
2Agronomy Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Fayoum University, 63514 Fayoum, Egypt
3Soil science Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Fayoum University, 63514 Fayoum, Egypt
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Two field experiments were conducted at the Demo Farm, Faculty of Agriculture, Fayoum University during 2013/2014 and 2014/2015 seasons, to study the effect of biofertilizers application (Butassine N as foliar and Biogen as inoculation) and mineral fertilizers (NPK) at 50, 75 and 100% of the recommended dose on growth, yield, anatomical structure and physiological attributes of wheat plants. The results showed that application of biofertilizers in combination with mineral fertilizers (NPK) significantly increased plant height, number of tillers plant-1, number of spikes plant-1, number of spikeletes spike-1, spike length, fresh weight plant-1 and dry weight plant-1. This resulted in an increase in grain yield/ha-1 which reached 18.02 and 14.95% during two seasons, respectively by the combined treatment of Butassine N+75% NPK. All treatments greatly increased stem section diameter, leaf pigments, total carbohydrates, protein%, nutrient elements, relative water content (RWC%) and membrane stability index (MSI%) in leaves. However, both total soluble sugar (TSS) and proline declined. From these results it could be recommend using Butassine N in combination with 75% NPK to minimize chemical fertilizers dose under newly reclaimed soil conditions.


Keywords: Wheat, biofertilizers and mineral fertilizers, growth, stem anatomy, grain yield, chemical analysis.
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How to cite this article:

Ragab S. Taha, Ayman H.A. Mahdi and Hamdy A. Abd El-Rahman. 2016. Effect of Biofertilizers as a Partial Substitute for Mineral Fertilizers on Growth, Anatomical Structure, Mineral Elements and Yield of Wheat under Newly Reclaimed Soil ConditionsInt.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(8): 458-469. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.508.049