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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(8): 293-304
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.508.031


Clinico-Microbiological Study of Symptomatic Vaginal Discharge
Sneha Kukanur1* and Ashish Bajaj2
1Department of Microbiology, PES Institute of Medical Sciences and Research,Kuppam, AP, India
2Department of Microbiology, ESI Medical College, Faridabad, Haryana, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Abnormal vaginal discharge is the most common gynaecological symptom in reproductive age group(15-45 years). It’s prevalence in India is 30%. Aetiological agent of  vaginitis can be bacterial, fungal or parasitic. It causes significant morbidity like pelvic inflammatory disease(PID), infertility, pregnancy loss, preterm labour, increased risk of other STDs to mention a few. Hence, the present study was undertaken to unravel the specific etiological agents and their sensitivity pattern. Totally, 200 high vaginal swabs from clinically suspected vaginitis cases were subjected to saline-wet mount, pH-estimation, Gram stain, Methyl-violet stain, KOH-mount and whiff/amine test. Samples were cultured aerobically. Organisms were identified with their antibiotic sensitivity pattern. Most common cause was Aerobic-vaginitis(32%). Commonest organisms were E.coli, P.aeruginosa and S.aureus. Many were sensitive to amikacin except for P.aeruginosa which were sensitive to imipenem and colistin. Vulvovaginal-candidiasis, Bacterial-vaginosis and Trichomoniasis were seen in14.5%, 14% and 6.5% of our cases respectively. All vaginal discharge cases should be considered for rapid microbiological examination like Saline-wet mount, Gram stain, KOH-mount and Whiff test. The diagnosis should be confirmed by identification and it’s susceptibility pattern for specific treatment to avoid above complications.


Keywords: Abnormal vaginal discharge, Aerobic-vaginitis, Bacterial-vaginosis, Vulvovaginal-Candidiasis, Trichomoniasis.
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How to cite this article:

Sneha Kukanur and Ashish Bajaj. 2016. Clinico-Microbiological Study of Symptomatic Vaginal DischargeInt.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(8): 293-304. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.508.031