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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(4): 2961-2969
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.704.336


Maize Cultivation in Foothills of Himalayan Shivalik: An Energy Perspective
Rajat Kumar Sharma, Priyanka Chand, T.K. Bhattacharya, Deepshikha Azad and Akanksha Kumain
G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

This study investigates the energy consumption in maize crop production in the foothills of Himalayan Shivalik range. In this study, 50 farmers were surveyed in Nainital district of Uttarakhand and information related to the production of maize crop production were collected by a predesigned questionnaire. The study revealed that the total energy consumption for animal farm, mixed farm and tractor farm was observed as 7781.82 MJ/ha, 8133.6 and 8846.6 MJ/ha respectively in which fertilizer application consumes around 60% of total energy consumption. Seedbed preparation also consumes significant energy in maize cultivation as it consumes 14-19% of total energy consumption. Source wise, direct energy sources consume 29-34% of total energy while indirect sources of energy sources consume 66-71% of total energy consumption. It also appears from the study that nitrogen fertilizers are the major source of energy. It incurs 60.6 % in animal farms, 64.9% in mixed farms and 60.12 % in tractor farms respectively. This energy consumption can easily be reduced by applying organic fertilizers. Overall energy productivity in maize crop production was observed as 0.50 to 0.53 kg/MJ. The energy output to energy input ratio of maize crop production system was observed as 7.34 to 7.84. The study also revealed that mechanization index for maize crop production is very poor in the region as overall mechanization index was observed only 53%.


Keywords: Energy, Maize cultivation, Energy audit, Input-output Energy, Fuel Energy, Grain Yield
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How to cite this article:

Rajat Kumar Sharma, Priyanka Chand, T.K. Bhattacharya, Deepshikha Azad and Akanksha Kumain. 2018. Maize Cultivation in Foothills of Himalayan Shivalik: An Energy Perspective.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(4): 2961-2969. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.704.336