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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(8): 93-99
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.508.012


Post Operative Enterococcus Infection from Cancer Patients in a Regional Cancer Centre, South India
B.G. Sumathi*, Mohd.Shaffiulla and Kumarswamy
437,12th Cross, Sadashivanagar, Bangalore 560 080, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

A two year retrospective study was done to know the types of enterococcal species isolation, presence of multiply drug resistant enterococci and  vancomycin resistant enterococci from post operative wounds of cancer patients in a regional cancer hospital, Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology, Bangalore. The study was done for the first time in our hospital in cancer patients. A retrospective study was done on post operative infected wound discharges and post operative drains in-situ discharges from surgery, gynaecology, head and neck and oral oncology departments in the department of microbiology at our regional cancer hospital in South India. Samples were analysed between January 2012 to December 2014. Bacterial isolation from the clinical samples were done  by conventional laboratory methods in the department of microbiology. Antimicrobial susceptibility and resistance pattern to isolated  pathogens were performed and interpreted as per NCCLS guidelines. Tests for vancomycin resistant enterococci and detection for beta-lactamase production was done accordingly. Only monomicrobial enterococcal post operative and drain discharges isolates were taken for study. A total number of three hundred and twenty two pus and wound discharge samples which came from the oncology departments of surgery, gynaecology, head and neck and oral were analysed.  Enterococci species isolated were Enterococcus faecalis (E.faecalis)168 (52.17%), Enterococcus faecium (E.faecium)150 (46.58%) and Enterococci casseliflavus (E.casseliflavus) 4(1.24%). Amongst the antibiotics all isolates were susceptible to the gycopeptides, vanomycin and teicoplanin. There was no beta-lactamase  production from the isolates. The most common enterococcal species were Enterococcus faecalis, Enterococcus faecium and Enterococcus casseliflavus from post operative wound discharges. Post operative  enterococcal infection may aggravate the morbidity and mortality of the cancer patients thereby prolonging hospital stay with an additional hospital cost and  form one of the potential  risk factors for  health-care associated infection.


Keywords: Enterococci, Immuno-compromised,Post operative  infections.
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How to cite this article:

Sumathi, B.G., Mohd. Shaffiulla and Kumarswamy. 2016. Post Operative Enterococci Infection from Cancer Patients in a Regional Cancer Centre, South India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(8): 93-99. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.508.012