International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 5, Issue:8, August, 2016

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(8): 30-41

Mycosporine-like Amino Acids from Biological Integuments of Historical Monuments
Arun S. Sonker, Richa, Jainendra Pathak, Rajneesh, Vinod K. Kannaujiya and Rajeshwar P. Sinha*
 Laboratory of Photobiology and Molecular Microbiology, Centre of Advanced Study in Botany, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221005, India
*Corresponding author

Biological crusts collected from seven historical monuments in and around Varanasi, India, were screened for the presence of photoprotective mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs).  Nine strains of cyanobacterial genera such as Lyngbya sp., Nostoc sp., Anabaena sp., Scytonema sp., Phormidium sp., Westiellopsis sp., Aphanocapsa sp., Hapalosiphon sp. and Aphanothece sp. were found to be present in the samples collected from various monuments apart from other group of organisms. Cyanobacteria, the dominant population growing on all the monuments had a maximum diversity of 5 species in Brahaspati temple, 4 species in Ramnagar fort and LalKhan`s tomb, 3 species in Manikarnika ghat and Sanskrit University and only 1 species in Sarnath and Bharat Mata temple. Pigment profile of the crusts from the seven monuments showed peaks at 665, 470, 310 and 386 nm that correspond to the presence of chlorophyll a, carotenoids, MAAs and scytonemin respectively. High content of cholorophyll a was recorded in the crusts from Sarnath and the Brahaspati temple, whereas carotenoids content was higher in the crust sample of LalKhan`s tomb. In all the collected samples from various monuments, photoprotective MAAs were found to be predominant than the photosynthetic pigments (chlorophyll a and carotenoids).

Keywords: Biological films, Carotenoids, Chlorophyll a, Cyanobacteria, Historical monuments, Mycosporine-like amino acids.

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How to cite this article:

Arun S. Sonker, Richa, Jainendra Pathak, Rajneesh, Vinod K. Kannaujiya and Rajeshwar P. Sinha. 2016. Mycosporine-like Amino Acids from Biological Integuments of Historical MonumentsInt.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(8): 30-41. doi:
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