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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(4): 761-770
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.704.085


Evaluation of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Genotypes for Changing Climatic Condition under Different Sowing Windows in Semi-Arid Tropics of Western Maharashtra, India
D.N. Bankar, V.S. Baviskar*, K.J. Yashavantha Kumar, S.S. Raskar, S.S. Khairnar, V.D. Gite, V.D. Surve, J.H. Bagwan and B.K. Honrao
Genetics and Plant Breeding Group, MACS-Agharkar Research Institute, G. G. Agarkar Road, Pune-411004, Maharashtra, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

A field experiment was conducted to study the performance of five wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes at two different sowing windows under irrigated condition during rabi season of 2016-2017 in Peninsular Zone at Experimental Research Farm, MACS-Agharkar Research Institute, Pune (MS).The experiment was laid out in a split plot design with three replications. The treatment consists of five wheat genotypes viz. DBW 168, MACS 6478, MACS 6222, GW 322 and UAS 304, were sown during two sowing windows, as timely (45 SMW) and late (48 SMW).Statistical analysis revealed that effect of sowing dates was found significant on days to heading, days to maturity, plant height, spikelets spike-1, effective tillersmeter-2, grains spike-1, harvest index. However, effect of various genotypes was also found significant on all traits except spikelets spike-1. In case of interaction effect of sowing windows and genotypes, the days to heading, days to maturity, plant height and grains spike-1 were found significant. Due to favorable climate, the timely sown wheat was shown highest grain yield (54.93 qha-1) over late sown wheat (50.86 qha-1) and the percent increase was 8%. Whereas, among different genotypes, the higher grain yield (57.45 qha-1) was recorded by MACS 6478, which was found at par with GW 322 (54.90 qha-1) and significantly superior to remaining three genotypes UAS 304, MACS 6222 and DBW 168. On mean basis, in timely and late sown condition, the MACS 6478 produced maximum grain yield (59.16 and 55.74 qha-1, respectively) compared to rest of genotypes. Whereas, all the growth, yield attributes and yield were found maximum under timely sown condition over late sown condition in peninsular zone.


Keywords: Sowing window, Genotype, Date of sowing, Yield, Wheat
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How to cite this article:

Bankar, D.N., V.S. Baviskar, K.J. Yashavantha Kumar, S.S. Raskar, S.S. Khairnar, V.D. Gite, V.D. Surve, J.H. Bagwan and Honrao, B.K. 2018. Evaluation of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Genotypes for Changing Climatic Condition under Different Sowing Windows in Semi-Arid Tropics of Western Maharashtra.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(4): 761-770. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.704.085