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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(4): 359-365
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.704.041


River Bed Cultivation: A Kind of Vegetable Forcing for Remunerative Returns
Reena Kumari1*, Ankita Sharma1, Shikha Bhagta2 and Ramesh Kumar1
1Department of Vegetable Science, Dr YS Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni-173 230, Solan, HP, India
2Department of Tree Improvement and Genetic Resources, Dr YS Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni-173 230, Solan, HP, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Presently, in South Asian countries, majority of cucurbitaceous vegetables are extensively being grown in riverbeds (called diara land) for off season produce. Growing cucurbitaceous vegetables on river-beds or river basins constitute a distinct type of farming. River bed cultivation is a kind of vegetable forcing is being used in India facilitating off season production of cucurbitaceous vegetables, where cucurbits are grown in the river beds during winter season. It is a very old practice of growing cucurbits on bank or basin of the river during the dry season or on the land that is subject to annual flooding. Seasonally dry riverbeds are an under utilized resource that can be used for sustainable vegetable production. Climate change induced floods and the encroachment of riverbeds are silting over arable land and increasing the area of sandy riverbeds. These river beds are formed and subjected to alluvion and diluvion action of perennial Himalayan Rivers and due to inundation caused by swollen rivers during South-West monsoon. Vast tracks of riverbeds are dry and fallow during the period from October to May. Besides cucurbits, other high value crop like tomatoes is also successfully cultivated due to its deep root system. It can be treated as a kind of vegetables forcing where in the cucurbits are grown under sub-normal conditions, literally on sand, during winter months from November-February, especially in North and North-Western India. Riverbed farming can be used to increase household income and to improve the food security of landless and land poor households of India.


Keywords: Cucurbits, Riverbed, Diara land, Alluvion and ailuvion
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How to cite this article:

Reena Kumari, Ankita Sharma, Shikha Bhagta and Ramesh Kumar. 2018. River Bed Cultivation: A Kind of Vegetable Forcing for Remunerative Returns.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(4): 359-365. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.704.041