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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(3): 1183-1191
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.703.140


Epidemiological Aspects of Theileriosis in Cattle in and around Patna, Bihar, India
Shashi Kala1*, Bhawesh Gopal Deo2 and Nikee Kumari1
1(Parasitology Section), Institute of Animal Health and Production, Bihar, Patna, India
2(Parasitology), Institute of Animal Health and Production, Bihar, Patna, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The present study was conducted for a period of one year from May 2015 to April 2016. A total of 937 blood samples of cattle were screened for theileriosis. Thin blood smears were prepared, air dried, fixed with methanol and stained with Giemsa stain. The microscopic examination of stained blood smears were performed and presence of intraerythrocytic piroplasms in different shapes like round, oval, signet ring, pear, comma, rod or bacilli indicating the incidence of theileriosis in cattle in and around Patna. The breed, age, sex, and seasons were considered some of the important epidemiological parameters. Out of 937 suspected cases, 291(31.05%) samples were found positive for theileriosis. The incidence was found significantly (<0.01) higher in crossbred cattle 185(63.57%) than indigenous cattle 106(36.43%). Higher incidence was recorded in female (97.94%) than male (2.06%). This might be due to increased introduction of female in livestock population due to obvious reason of improved artificial insemination technology in herd and farmers are not interested in rearing and spending on male. The incidence was higher in animals above 2 years age group (92.78%) than 6 months to 2 years age group (7.22%). The season played an important role in incidence of theileriosis, the incidence was significantly (<0.01) higher in rainy season (44.33%) followed by summer (34.71%) and winter season (20.96%). The finding of the study suggested that the bovine theileriosis is mostly prevalent in rainy season. Therefore management of the disease in that particular season is very important to save the life of the animal and special control measure may be adopted in rainy season.


Keywords: Theileriosis, Incidence, Blood smear, Season, Breed, Age, Sex, Cattle, Patna
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How to cite this article:

Shashi Kala, Bhawesh Gopal Deo and Nikee Kumari. 2018. Epidemiological Aspects of Theileriosis in Cattle in and around Patna, Bihar.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(3): 1183-1191. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.703.140