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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(3): 891-898
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.703.104


Characterization of Biochar from Different Sources of Plant Communities
K.M. Sellamuthu1*, S. Suryia1, V.P. Duraisami1,R. Mahendran2 and P. Venkatachalam2
1Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Directorate of Natural Resource Management, TNAU, Coimbatore-3, Tamil Nadu, India
2Department of Bioenergy, Agriculture Engineering College and Research Institute, TNAU, Coimbatore-3, Tamil Nadu, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Biochar, a stable form of carbon, is produced from pyrolysis of biological materials. It is attracting growing interest because of its potential to improve soil nutrients status, increase crop yield and sequester carbon (C) in the soil. The carbon in the biomass is subjected to easy degradation since they contain low grade carbon. But in biochar, pyrogenic carbon is formed by pyrolysis. Hence they remain in the soil for long periods. Biochar is produced from the pyrolysis of a variety of biological materials viz., Lantana camara, Dodonia viscosa, Eichornia crassipes, Prosopis juliflora, Melia dubia, Giricidia sepium and Delonix elata in pyrolysis-unit. The biochars differed much in their characteristics. Recovery of biochar was high in Prosopis whereas Eichornia showed its superiority over others in providing high pore space and water holding capacity, higher CEC, total N, P, K, S and micro nutrients. The microscopic analysis confirmed that plants species contain nutrients and it differs among the plant species. Considering the higher recovery and its distribution, resource of Prosopis can be harnessed. Due to the wide variations noticed among the plant species, characterisation of biochar from each plant species becomes a pre requisite before mass production for agriculture purpose.


Keywords: Biochar, Pyrolysis, Wood biomass, Characterisation
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How to cite this article:

Sellamuthu, K.M., S. Suryia, V.P. Duraisami, R. Mahendran and Venkatachalam, P. 2018. Characterization of Biochar from Different Sources of Plant Communities.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(3): 891-898. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.703.104