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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(2): 1876-1881
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.702.226


Sugar Composition of Royal Jelly Adulterated with Drone Brood and Bee Honey
Ralitsa Balkanska*
Department of Special Branches–Bees, Institute of Animal Science, Kostinbrod, Spirka Pochivka 1, 2232 Kostinbrod, Bulgaria
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Royal jelly (RJ) consumption has grown significantly during the last few decades due to its high nutritional value and unique components. The price of pure RJ is much higher than other bee products making it susceptible to adulteration with drone brood (DB) and honey. The aim of the present paper is to characterize the sugar composition of RJ samples adulterated with DB and honey in order to find out possible descriptors for adulterated RJ samples. The information obtained is important for practical purposes in order easily and efficiently to assess the RJ authenticity. This could be useful to detect frauds in RJ samples. The differences in fructose, glucose and sucrose content between RJ and DB samples are significant (p<0.001). The addition of DB and honey in RJ would change in a certain direction the composition on RJ, mainly with changes of sugar ranges of the samples. The cluster analysis turned out to be useful for finding similarity (or dissimilarity) between pure RJ and mixtures with DB and honey. Parameters such as fructose and glucose can be used as good descriptors for the evaluation of RJ authenticity with honey.


Keywords: Descriptor, Drone Brood (DB), Honey, Royal Jelly (RJ), Fructose, Glucose, Sucrose
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How to cite this article:

Ralitsa Balkanska. 2018. Sugar Composition of Royal Jelly Adulterated with Drone Brood and Bee Honey.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(2): 1876-1881. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.702.226