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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(2): 998-1004
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.702.123


Paddy-Cum-Fish Cultivation and the Challenges Face by the Farmers of Manipur, India
J.W. Haobijam1*, Marak R. Balkho2 and T.K. Mandal3
1Department of Agricultural Extension Education, P.S.B, Visva-Bharati, Sriniketan (West Bengal), India
2M4agriNEI Project, College of Home Science, Central Agricultural University, Sangsanggre, Tura, (Meghalaya), India
3Department of Agriculture Extension Education, B.C.K.V. Mohanpur,
Nadia, (West Bengal), India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The study was carried out with an objective to study various socio-economic, socio-personal, socio-psychological and communication variables associated with paddy-cum-fish cultivation and the constraints perceived by the farmers in the low lying paddy fields of Kakching block in Thoubal district of Manipur. Purposive along with simple random sampling techniques were adopted for the study. Net Income and Income being the dependent variables of the study to explore the factors associated with the paddy-cum- fish farmers and seventeen causal variables were considered as the independent variables to establish the relation between the dependent one. In the present study, data were generated through a sample survey of farmers by personal interview method using pretested well-structured interview schedule and were processed into frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, coefficient of variation, correlation analysis, regression analysis, constraints etc. to draw conclusion the of the study. Random sampling was adopted for the selection of the respondents. Correlation analysis of the two dependent variables Net income and Income of the study revealed that out of the 17 variables, 12 and 13 independent variables were found to be significant respectively. The result of regression analysis on Net Income and Income revealed that out of 17 variables, 5 and 3 independent variables were found to be significant respectively. Constraints analysis revealed that non-availability of insurance when the crop failed, lack of knowledge of paddy-cum-fish practices and the irregular visit of extension worker/scientist were top in their respective 3 main relative constraints.


Keywords: Constraints, Correlation, Income, Net Income, Paddy-cum-Fish cultivation, Regression
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How to cite this article:

Constraints, Correlation, Income, Net Income, Paddy-cum-Fish cultivation, RegressionInt.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(2): 998-1004. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.702.123