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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Online ISSN : 2319-7706
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Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
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Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(2): 873-882
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.702.110


Water Productivity and Water Use Pattern in Bed Planted Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under Varying Irrigation Schedules
Vipin Kumar Sagar1*, R.K. Naresh1, Praveen Kumar Sagar2, Vineet Kumar1 and Thaneshwar1
1Department of Agronomy, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut-250110, U.P., India
2Department of Agronomy, K.D. College Simbholi, Chaudary Charan Singh University, Meerut- 245207, U.P., India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Field study was conducted at Crop Research Centre of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agri. & Tech. Meerut, Uttar Pradesh during 2014-15 and 2015-16 in a split plot design having three replications. Six land configuration systems 75 cm bed, 2 rows(B75–2); 75 cm bed, 3 rows (B75–3); 90 cm bed, 2 rows (B90–2); 90 cm bed, 3rows (B90–3), 90 cm bed, 4 rows (B90–4); Flat planting , rows 22.5 cm apart were laid out in main plots whereas the subplots were three irrigation schedule practices such as 4 cm irrigation at IW/CPE 0.8; 5 cm irrigation at IW/CPE 1.0; 6 cm irrigation at IW/CPE 1.2. The objective of the study was to examine the treatment effects on water productivity, yield and profitability of wheat crop. Results showed that the grain yield (46.52; 47.63 and 44.01 and 44.88 q ha-1), were significantly higher in B90–4 and 4cm irrigation at IW/CPE 0.8 during both the year of study. Physiological traits, yield attributes and yields were significantly influenced by land configuration and irrigation practices. In land configuration systems, B90–4 and 4 cm irrigation at IW/CPE 1.2 displayed significantly higher water use efficiency (2.53; 2.51 and 2.19; 2.18 kg m-3) compared with other treatments. However irrigation schedules × land configuration interaction was significant for yield attributes grain, straw and biological yield. The higher net return of Rs. 57805 and Rs. 61363ha-1 and B: C ratio 2.08 and 2.14registered in B90-4 treatment. As well as irrigation schedule with IW/CPE 0.8recorded more net return Rs.53762 and Rs. 57059 ha-1 and B: C ratio 1.89 and 1.94than other treatments. The crop planted on 90 cm beds with 4 rows on the top of the bed and IW/CPE 0.8 is important in the Typic Ustochrept soil to achieve sustainable increase in wheat production to meet future demand while conserving natural resources, especially irrigation water and reducing the negative effects on the environment.


Keywords: Land configuration, Irrigation Schedules, IW/CPE, Water productivity, WUE
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How to cite this article:

Vipin Kumar Sagar, R.K. Naresh, Praveen Kumar Sagar, Vineet Kumar and Thaneshwar. 2018. Water Productivity and Water Use Pattern in Bed Planted Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under Varying Irrigation Schedules.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(2): 873-882. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.702.110